Old man’s hunchback is a prediction of spinal fracture
There are so many people around us who are not aware of their osteoporosis.
Data show that 30% of women over the age of 50 have had one or more vertebral fractures, and 40% of the fractures are caused by osteoporosis, but half of the fracture patients are unknowingly not treated.
50% of patients with spinal fractures have been diagnosed. Many people know that osteoporosis caused by lumbar vertebrae fractures will be life-threatening. However, there are insufficient understanding of spinal fractures, and many patients even seek medical treatment.
In fact, spinal fractures are most common in fractures caused by osteoporosis, accounting for about 45% of all fractures, which can cause deformation of the spine and make the patient’s height shorter.
Studies have shown that the mortality caused by spinal fractures even exceeds hip fractures.
During the diagnosis and treatment, doctors found that although it is only necessary to take X-rays to diagnose spinal fractures, about 50% of patients with spinal fractures have not been diagnosed and treated, and some patients are crushed after multiple fractures.
Among the patients who did not receive treatment, some were caused by rheumatism caused by the patient’s own pain. As long as the plaster was relieved of pain or lying for a few days, some patients would not be careful when they were treated for pain.Find.
A spinal fracture can cause another fracture osteoporosis patient to have a risk of fracture at any time, the most common is a spinal fracture, followed by a wrist fracture, the most serious is a hip fracture.
When the femoral cervical vertebrae fracture occurs in the elderly, it is often difficult to heal, which places a heavy burden on the family.
For spine fractures, many people think that it is caused by improper force.
In fact, before the fracture, the bone mass of the spine has been gradually lost. The loose vertebral body is like the empty beam of the white ant ant. It has a little external force. For example, at the moment of lifting a thing or bending a child, the vertebrae suddenlyCollapse.
The problem is that as soon as the first fracture occurs, it will fracture for the second time.
Moreover, it is likely that the two fractures will be close together.
And a postmenopausal woman with osteoporosis, in the case of a spine fracture, is likely to have a second spinal fracture in less than a year.
If the spine fracture is a slight, localized micro-fracture, it will cause local bone pain.
In order to relieve or not stimulate the painful part of the body, the body will change posture and muscle exertion. Over time, muscle pain will occur, especially the back, which accounts for 70% of the pain patients.
Pain spreads inward along the spine, relieves pain when lying on the back or sitting position, stretches or stands long when standing upright, increases pain during sedentary, light pain during the day, aggravates during night and morning wake up, bends, muscles, coughs, stoolIncrease when you use force.
Height reduction and high distribution of kyphosis malformations, skeletal protrusion and hunchback are all signs of vertebral rupture in elderly women. The decrease in height is mostly due to fracture, but it is not the only reason. The deformation of the lumbar disc will also decrease.If the height is reduced by more than two centimeters in a year, you should go to the hospital for examination. Older people should measure their height every six months.
Other phenomena, difficulty breathing, gastrointestinal reflux and other digestive symptoms, such as depression.
Three types of people should pay attention to early prevention of spinal fractures caused by osteoporosis. The most important method is to prevent osteoporosis.
In a person’s life, a male is 35 years old, and a female is the oldest at 30 years old. After that, the bone skeleton begins to decline, the male declines slowly and smoothly, and there is an adaptation process; the female bone mass will suddenly drop after menopause, which is due to the ovarian function decline in menopausal women., female hormone deficiency.
Once menopausal women stop menstruating, the estrogen and progesterone secreted by the ovaries drop sharply, and a large amount of bone calcium is decomposed into the blood and then discharged from the urine.
This loss will invade the bones silently, to the point where the bones will be replaced by insertions, leaving only the loose and fragile skeleton, which can cause fractures with little force or rupture.
1, weight loss to promote osteoporosis, short-term decline in body weight will affect bone density, leading to osteoporosis.
Too many urban women are over-striking, and with some exceptions, they also lose bone mass and suffer from osteoporosis at a young age.
And people who are too thin are prone to osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures, so it is important to maintain proper weight.
2, do not go downstairs every day, bones Tiansong pine is now mostly indoor work, less exposure to ultraviolet radiation, go out to the car every day, take the elevator upstairs, less activity, due to lack of adequate exercise, vitamin D and calcium in the body, leading to osteoporosisThe incidence is getting higher and higher.
In modern society, competition is fierce, work pressure is infiltrated, and mental stress is long-term. It is prone to dysfunction of endocrine system, imbalance of hormone metabolism, and accelerate the loss of bone mass.
3, not sun, beauty women “the softest bones” modern women fear that the skin is directly exposed to the sun and good at shading, but the food from entering the body to digestion, absorption and eventually deposited on the bones, the process is in the ultravioletWhen the irradiation is completed, the sun exposure time is too short, which will affect the function of healthy bones, leading to changes in the bone structure, resulting in osteoporosis, which is easy to fracture.
Osteoporosis self-examination checks to prevent osteoporosis, the sooner the better osteoporosis and genetic factors, and the various factors such as nutrition during pregnancy.
However, in general, people who are younger and younger have lower bone mass and are prone to osteoporosis. In addition, premature infants, who often study and do not exercise, are also prone to osteoporosis, so you must pay attention to prevention from the child stage.
High-risk groups should pay attention to some of their body surface characteristics in daily life. If there is tooth mottle, weak and weak, they should consider whether osteoporosis occurs. If the height is contracted and hunchback occurs, it indicates that osteoporosis is already serious.
Osteoporosis can not exercise with a large amount of exercise For those who have osteoporosis, it is necessary to properly mix in the diet, regular work schedule, relieve tension and mental state, avoid large exercise, high intensity, physical contact with alternative ball activities.
Be well prepared before the exercise to prevent convulsions and accidents sitting on the ground.
People who are osteoporotic should not perform jumping exercises. Otherwise, the already fragile bones will be worsened. Walking, freehand gymnastics, tai chi and other slow activities are more suitable. Every day, outdoor sports, enjoying the sunshine time is shortened by one hour.
Examination of bone mineral density after 40 years of age Osteoporosis often has no symptoms in the early stage. Bone density examination is a major means of early detection and early treatment.
Experts suggest that after 40 years of age, waist fractures, pelvis, heel, such as persistent pain, you need to check bone density, prevent osteoporosis early, and protect your bone health.
Drug treatment is very necessary for elderly patients, can not rely on nutritional regulation and calcium supplementation, must be treated with drugs.
For people who are six or seventy years old, the calcium is absorbed by the diet alone, and the absorption effect is generally not good.
Patients with simple osteoporosis usually take medicine for three to six months, and the patient will feel the symptoms improve, and the effect will be effective in a month.